Southern India is a grand residence of heavenly landmarks, standing gloriously from ages. The architecture of these landmarks is amazingly delightful and fantastic. From Dravidian architecture to Vijayanagara style of design, from expounding mainstays of Chalukyas to minute stone carvings by Krishnadevaraya, every landmark has an alternate story to tell. From tall, complicatedly cut gopurams to glorious columns and life-sized hallowed places, these lovely sanctuaries in South India are wealthy in legend and astounding in their glory.
Thinking about the oddity and glory of these sanctuaries, we’ve accumulated a rundown of 12 most well-known sanctuaries in South India:
1. Virupaksha Temple, Hampi
Arranged on the banks of the excellent stream, Tungabhadra, Virupaksha sanctuary is a sublime wonder of Vijayanagara Empire. Devoted to Lord Shiva (Virupaksha), the sanctuary is widely acclaimed for its tall gopuram, stupendous design and many-sided carvings. The sanctuary worked in the seventh century experienced plenty of increments by different rulers that controlled the realm, to show their capacity. The focal pillared corridor, Ranga Mandapa, is the fanciest expansion by Raja Krishnadevaraya. Virupaksha sanctuary is a focal point of relationships just as the celebrations of Virupaksha-Pampa in December. This South Indian Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai
Situated on the southern banks of Vaigai, Meenakshi Temple is devoted to Parvati and her partner, Lord Shiva. Likewise called Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple, this building wonder is a pounding focal point of culture and craftsmanship.
The current structure worked somewhere in the range of 1623 and 1655 CE, was on the rundown of top 30 candidates for the “New Seven Wonders of the World.” The lobbies, gopurams and the holy places of the sanctuary are lavish and amazing in their appearance. Two extremely particular highlights as far as iconography are the hallowed place of Meenakshi holding a parrot and the privilege raised leg of Nataraja.
3. Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati
A South Indian sanctuary which is an investigation in extravagance
Arranged in the slope town of Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh, Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple is one of the well-known and elevated sanctuaries in South India. The sanctuary is committed to Lord Vishnu and is also called Tirupati Balaji sanctuary. The development of the sanctuary is believed to have begun in 300 AD.
Interestingly, Tirupati Balaji sanctuary is perhaps the most extravagant sanctuary on the planet, as far as the donations made by the devotees. The sanctuary has a rich history and a marvellous Dravidian style of design.
4. Ramanathaswamy Temple, Rameswaram
Situated on Rameswaram island in Tamil Nadu, Ramanathaswamy Temple is committed to Lord Shiva. The sanctuary is likewise one of the twelve consecrated Jyotirlinga sanctuaries of the nation.
The legend portrays the story of Lord Rama who is accepted to have implored Lord Shiva here. The sanctuary has one of the longest and most splendid passageways among different sanctuaries in South India. Rameswaram is additionally one of the chardhams for the journey.
5. Aihole and Pattadakal
The one from the fifth century
These capital cities of Chalukyas are solely acclaimed for their delightful sanctuaries in Karnataka. These South Indian sanctuaries go back to fifth century CE, expand in their design and magnificence. Aihole is additionally called the “support of Hindu Rock Architecture”.
Renowned sanctuaries of Aihole incorporate Durga Temple and Lad Khan Temple. Pattadakal follows the mix of Nagara and Dravidian style. Significant sanctuaries incorporate Sangameshvara Temple, Mallikarjuna Temple, Galganath Temple, Jain Temple and so forth.
6. Airavateswara Temple, Kumbakonam
The one about an elephant
Situated in the town of Darasuram close Kumbakonam, Airavatesvara Temple is another stunningness striking model inherent the Dravidian architecture. A UNESCO World Heritage site, this sanctuary was worked in twelfth century CE.
Committed to Lord Shiva, the sanctuary follows its name from Airavata, the trinket of Indra who revered Lord Shiva in this sanctuary. The sanctuary is only popular for its wonderful stone carvings.
7. Brihadeshwara Temple, Thanjavur
The one which is 1005 years of age
An awe-inspiring case of Tamil design under the Chola Dynasty, The Brihadeeshwar sanctuary is situated in the city of Thanjavur. One of the most well-known South Indian sanctuaries, it is a piece of “Incredible Living Chola Temples”. This great and terrific sanctuary is additionally a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Committed to Lord Shiva, this incredible India sanctuary has turned 1005 years in 2015.
8. Vitthala Temple, Hampi
The one with melodic columns
This marvellous artful culmination is a living legend of Hampi’s various landmarks as far as their compositional gloriousness. Vithhala Temple, devoted to Lord Vishnu stands separated in exhibiting its wonderment striking architecture and magnificence.
Well known for its melodic columns, it is said that the columns produce melodic notes when played in a specific way. Another fascination of the sanctuary is the solid and grand stone-chariot.
9. Suchindram Temple, Kanyakumari
The one with melodic columns + hanging column
Basically, known as the Thanumalayan Temple, this south Indian sanctuary is a lofty landmark and is another amazing case of building divine architectures. Work in the seventeenth century, this sanctuary pulls in different explorers from over the neighbouring states. The legends of Anasuya and Ahalya are joined to the sanctuary.
The unique highlights of the sanctuary incorporate the four melodic columns, the hanging column and the single Linga, which speaks to the triumvirs, Brahma-Vishnu-Mahesh.
10. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna
The one on an island
Situated in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is committed to Ranganatha, a type of Lord Vishnu. The sanctuary is based on an island in Kaveri stream and is wealthy in legend and architecture.
This South Indian sanctuary has one of the biggest strict edifices on the planet. Work in the Dravidian style, this sanctuary glances glorious in its appearance and building distinctions. The sanctuary is additionally one of the eight “Swayam VyaktaKshetras” of Lord Vishnu.
11. Ayyappa Temple, Sabarimala
The Sabarimala Temple, devoted to Lord Ayyappa, is one of the most famous and noticeable sanctuaries of all the Sastha sanctuaries. This sanctuary is noteworthy for its strict components as well as a result of the social, cultural and social components appended to it. This is maybe why this is one of the biggest yearly journeys on the planet; which draws in more than 100 million lovers every year.
12. Guruvayoor Temple, Guruvayur, Kerala
Situated in the Guruvayoor town, GuruvayurSree Krishna Temple is one of the holiest explorers’ center points in Kerala. It is one of the most adored sanctuaries in South India where the divinity Lord Vishnu is venerated in Balkrishna Avtar. The master icon is embellished with four hands each conveying a conch, a mace, a disk and a lotus and is likewise known by the name of Unnikrishnan. Garlanded with the Tulasi or Basil Garland and pearl jewellery, the ruler shows up in full brilliance favouring the fans.
In the end I would just like to add by saying that South Indian Temples are the most exquisite architectural expressions of religion in India. Tourists from across the world come here to explore these intricately carved and aesthetically designed temples of South India. Forming an integral part of the rich heritage of South India, these temples are a feather in the cap of India.
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